1866 - 1954

Prolific playwright Jacinto Benavente was born in Madrid. At 26 he published a book of poems followed by a series of women's letters – Cartas de Mujeres (1892) – which made his reputation as a stylist. That same year he began working as a dramatist. His first genuine successes came with El Nido Ajeno (Another’s Nest) in 1894 and Gente Conocida (High Society) in 1896. Though his work was diverse in tone, ranging from tragedy to melodrama to comedy – his primary forte was comedies of manners and one-act farces. His most frequently produced play, often referred to as his masterpiece, was 1907's Los Intereses Creados (The Bonds of Interest), a work based on the Italian commedia del Varte. His other successes included La Gobermadora (The Governor’s Wife) in 1901, the sentimental comedy Rosas de Otono (Autumn Roses) in 1905, his favorite Señora Ama (The Lady of the House) in 1908, and the rural tragedy La Malquerida (The Passion Flower) in 1913. Benavente became a member of the Spanish Academy in 1913, though his gay identity was fairly common knowledge. As he grew older his work came to be thought of as antiquated, falling out of favor with younger writers who protested when he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1922. Primarily known for his work in Spain and Latin America, several of Benavente's plays reached London's West End and Broadway, including Saturday Night (1926), starring Eva La Gallienene, which ran for two years in New York. His 1928 play Para El Cielo y Los Altares (Toward Heaven and the Altars), which foretold the Spanish monarchy's fall, was prohibited by the government and led to his being arrested years later during the Spanish Civil War. He reclaimed favor with Lo Incredible (The Incredible) in 1941, which was followed by the ten-volume publication of the complete collection of his plays between 1941 and 1955. With over 150 plays to his credit, Benavente died in Madrid, Spain in 1954 at the age of 87.

Demography

Gender Male

Sexual Orientation Gay

Gender Identity Cisgender

Ethnicity Latinx

Nations Affiliated Spain

Era/Epoch Interwar Period (1918-1939) Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)

Field(s) of Contribution

Author

Poet

Theater

Commemorations & Honors

Jacinto Benavente Monument Inside Retiro Park in Madrid, Spain

Nobel Prize for Literature (1922)

Authorship

Original Biography Author
Victor Salvo
Biography Edited By
Owen Keehnen
Resources Coordination
Carrie Maxwell