1890 - 1962

"Each of us must take into account the raw material which heredity dealt us at birth and the opportunities we have had along the way, and then work out for ourselves a sensible evaluation of our personalities and accomplishments."

- Dr. Alan L. Hart

As a child Alan L. Hart, who was assigned female at birth, was allowed to dress and live as a boy with both parents freely supporting his gender expression. Attending Albany College and then Stanford, he received his Ph.D. from The University of Oregon. In 1918 he married Inez Stark, using the name Robert Bamford. Later that year he had a hysterectomy, changed his name to Alan L. Hart, and started a medical practice. Eventually recognized by a classmate from medical school, the couple began a recurring pattern of relocation and job changes. The stress of the continual secrecy led to their divorce. In 1925 Alan remarried and from 1935-1942 wrote four novels (including Doctor Mallory and In the Lives of Men) set in the Pacific Northwest dealing with social issues within the medical field. Professionally Hart began to focus more on research – receiving his Masters Degree in Radiology in 1930 and another in Public Health in 1948. He became a prominent figure in the study of tuberculosis and was one of the first to document the spread of the disease. After years of trying to keep a low profile, in the late 1940s Hart began taking newly available synthetic male hormones which enabled him to grow a beard and lowered his voice sufficiently to give him the confidence to begin lecturing. He spoke nationwide on tuberculosis care, dedicating his free time to fundraising for medical research, support for economically challenged TB patients, and an end to the stigma of the disease. Hart spearheaded massive X-ray programs for early detection and tubercular treatments and was named The Director of Hospitalization and Rehabilitation for the Connecticut State Tuberculosis Commission. He died of heart disease in 1962.


Gender Male

Sexual Orientation Straight

Gender Identity Transgender

Ethnicity Caucasian/White

Faith Construct Protestant

Nations Affiliated United States

Era/Epoch Great Depression (1929-1939) Roaring Twenties (1920-1929)

Field(s) of Contribution



Commemorations & Honors

First Documented Man in the United States to Undergo Gender Confirmation Surgery

Alan L. and Edna Ruddick Hart Fund Created For Leukemia Research

Stanford University Exhibition on Hart's Life and Work (1994)

Lewis & Clark University Exhibition on Hart's Life and Work (2002)


Original Biography Author
Owen Keehnen
Biography Edited By
Victor Salvo
Resources Coordination
Carrie Maxwell