Biography and original research by Victor Salvo
Supplemental research and links by Carrie Maxwell
Biography edited by Owen Keehnen
Biography edited and vetted by Dr. Gregory Eiselein, Kansas State University
Photograph for bronze casting by G. Frank Pearsall, with permission of the
Walt Whitman Archive and the Gay Wilson Allen Collection  

Asselineau, Roger. The Evolution of Walt Whitman. 2 vols.
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960

Bowers, Fredson. Whitman's Manuscripts. Leaves of Grass (1860)
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1955

Fone, Byrne R. S. Masculine Landscapes. Walt Whitman and the Homoerotic Text. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1992

Kaplan, Justin. Walt Whitman. A Life
New York: Simon & Schuster, 1980

Martin, Robert K. The Homosexual Tradition in American Poetry
Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979

Martin, Robert K., ed.
The Continuing Presence of Walt Whitman
The Life after the Life
Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1992

Miller, James E., Jr.
A Critical Guide to Leaves of Grass
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957

Moon, Michael
Disseminating Whitman. Revision and Corporeality in Leaves of Grass
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991

Schmidgall, Gary
Walt Whitman: A Gay Life
New York: Dutton, 1997

Shively, Charley, ed.
Calamus Leaves. Walt Whitman's Working Class Camerados
San Francisco: Gay Sunshine, 1987

Shively, Charley
Drum Beats. Walt Whitman's Civil War Boy Lovers
San Francisco: Gay Sunshine, 1989