Image Photographer/Rights Unknown
Biography witten by Victor Salvo
Biography edited, vetted and certified by Harlan Pruden

Courouve, Claude. "The Word Bardache." Gay Books Bulletin 8 (1982): 18-19.
Gilley, Brian J. Becoming two-spirit. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 2006.

Lang, Sabine. "There is More Than Just Women and Men: Gender Variance in North American Indian Culture." Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives. Sabina Ramet, ed. New York: Routledge, 1996. 183-96.

Lang, Sabine. Men as Women, Women as Men.
Austin: University of Texas Press, 1998.

Roscoe, Will. "How to Become a Berdache: Toward a Unified Analysis of Gender Diversity." Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Culture and History. Gilbert Herdt, ed. New York: Zone Books, 1996. 329-71.

Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology.
Roscoe, Will, Ed., New York: St. Martin's Press, c1988.

Roscoe, Will. The Zuni Man-Woman
Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1991.

Roscoe, Will. Changing ones: Third and Fourth Genders in Native North America
New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.

Williams, Walter. The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.

Brown, Leslie B.
Two-Spirit People: American Lesbian Women and Gay Men
Haworth Press, 1997.

Jacobs, Sue-Ellen
Two-Spirit People: Native American Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituality
Wesley Thomas and Sabine Lang, Eds., Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997

Lang, Sabine. Men as Women, Women as Men: Changing Gender in Native American Cultures. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1998
Medicine, Beatrice. (1997). Changing Native American Roles in an Urban Context and Changing Native American Sex Roles in an Urban Context. In S.-E. Jacobs, W. Thomas, & S. Lang, Eds. (pp. 145-148)

Spanbauer, Tom. The Man Who Fell in Love with The Moon: A Novel.
New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1991

Trexler, Richard C. Sex and Conquest: Gendered Violence, Political Order, and the European Conquest of the Americas. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995

Williams, Walter L. The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Cultures. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986
Williams, Walter L. & Johnson, Toby. Two Spirits: A Story of Life with the Navajo. Maple Shade, NJ: Lethe Press, 2006


Calimach, Andrew. World History of Male Love, "Homosexual Traditions"
The Two-Spirit Traditon, 2000

Bay Area American Indian Two-Spirits (San Francisco, CA)

Indigenous Peoples Task Force (Minneapolis, MN)

Montana Two-Spirit Society (Browning, MT)

Nations of the 4 Directions (San Diego, CA)

NativeOUT (Phoenix, AZ)

NorthEast Two-Spirit Society (New York, NY)

Northwest Two-Spirit Society (Seattle, WA)!/pages/Northwest-Two-Spirit-Society/109628619087104

Red Circle Project (Los Angeles, CA)

Two-Spirit Society of Denver (Denver, CO)

Tulsa Two-Spirit Society (Tulsa, OK)


2Spirits of Toronto

Edmonton Two-Spirit Society

Regina Two-Spirited Society

McGill University Project