Hayman, Ronald. Proust: A Biography. London: Heinemann, 1990.

Meyers, Jeffrey. Homosexuality and Literature 1890-1930. London: Athlone Press, 1977.

Rivers, J. E. Proust and the Art of Love: The Aesthetics of Sexuality in the Life, Times, and Art of Marcel Proust. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Tadié, Jean-Yves. Marcel Proust: Biographie. Paris: Gallimard, 1996.

Woods, Gregory. A History of Gay Literature: The Male Tradition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.