Biography by Victor Salvo and Kay Tobin Lahusen
Supplemental research and links by Carrie Maxwell
Biography edited by Owen Keehnen
Biography edited and vetted by Dr. Nancy Unger, Santa Clara University
Original photographic image by Kay Tobin Lahusen
Photographic effects by Victor Salvo
Image used by permission of New York Public Library | Gittings - Lahusen Collection

Tobin, Kay, and Wicker, Randy. The Gay Crusaders .
New York, NY: Paperback Library, 1972: 89-134
Hogan, Steve, and Hudson, Lee.
Completely Queer: The Gay and Lesbian Encyclopedia.
New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company, 1998: 321-323